A relay network is a wide set of network topology usually used in mobile or wireless networks. In such networks the destination and source are interconnected by the help of few nodes. In such a design of network the destination and source are unable to communicate directly with each other as the distance between the destination and source is larger than their transmission range, hence the requirement for intermediate nodes to relay. These networks help to expand the distance between the source and destination by increasing the number of nodes. When a mobile relay is connected to a wireless relay network it gets converted into mobile relay network. Mobile relays are specialized nodes that travel all through the network to gather data from source nodes and convey it to the access point or destination node. They are free to follow a fixed or variable route, at variable or constant speed.
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Mobile relay forwarding (MRF) concept is a result of tremendous innovation done in the networking sector. There exist particular mobile relays (nodes) in the network that are used to collect transmission from the source nodes, and either delivers it to the destination or closer to the destination. The number of mobile relay in a network may differ depending on number of factors such as amount of data traffic to managed, number of regular nodes, costs and quality of service (QoS) requirements.
Some of the important factors which are used in designing mobile relay network are coordination between nodes, node mobility, mobile relay destinations, number of mobile relay and mobile relay speed among others.
The major driver for this mobile relay networks is the increase network scalability by the addition of extra relay to the network structure with increasing the routing complexity. Mobility of mobile relays (MRs) can be controllable or non controllable in nature depending upon the need for deployment. These MRs can be a preexisting part of the system, or deployed just to improve routing performance. In addition, MRs usually has lesser resources availability limitation as compared to other nodes of the network. Thus, they can effectively increase connectivity of the network and data delivery in the networks.
The mobile relay network market is segmented on the basis of type of mobility into task driven mobility or message driven mobility. In addition the market is segmented based on the type of routing in the network into infrastructure based and infrastructure less. Further, the infrastructure based is sub segmented into context-based and dissemination-based. On the basis of mobile relay type the market is segmented into MR as a part of the environment and MR specifically designed to be the element of the network infrastructure.
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The key players of the mobile relay network market are Megatone Electronics Corp., Changan Group Co. Ltd, Excel Cell Electronic Co Ltd (ECE), Wenzhou Start Co. Ltd, Meisongbei Electronics Co. Ltd, Archers Electronics Ltd, Xiamen Jinxinrong Electronics Co. Ltd and Huge Electrical United Development Co. Ltd among others.